Questions and Answers
The Québec Firearms Registration File is very useful to police officers to assist them in their interventions and investigations. For example:
- When dealing with domestic violence, police officers are able to quickly determine whether firearms are likely to be present at the scene.
- When a person’s mental condition leads you to fear they may use it against themselves, it is preferable that he/she doesn’t have access to a firearm. Insofar as they know what firearms a person owns and where they are kept, police can intervene more effectively to prevent a suicide by removing them on a preventive basis.
- The information in the file facilitates police officers’ work when they are required to collect firearms from a person’s home as a result of a court-ordered firearms prohibition order against a person convicted of a violent crime or, as a preventive measure, when their state of mind presents a danger to themselves or others.
- When police officers respond to a barricaded person or a sniper, the information recorded in the Québec Firearms Registration File, concerning the nature and number of firearms likely to be present at the scene, may be useful in establishing a security perimeter and evacuating anyone who may be present.
- When a firearm is seized, found or otherwise recovered by police officers, its registration allows it to be traced and facilitates the detection of stolen firearms. The information in the file can then be the starting point for a police investigation.
It should also be noted that the registration of firearms also contributes to public safety by encouraging firearm owners to behave responsibly concerning firearms registered under their name.
Yes. The registration of firearms in Québec is a separate obligation from the one to register non-restricted firearms with the CFR which existed in Canada until its abolition in 2012.
Therefore, even if your non-restricted firearm has been registered with the CFR, you must register with the Québec Firearms Registration Service (SIAF).
As this is a new provincial obligation, the terms “registration” and “file” are more appropriate for Québec’s jurisdiction. It also makes it easier to distinguish it from the requirement to register firearms as a restricted firearm or prohibited firearm with the CFR maintained by the Registrar for the Canadian Firearms Program.
A firearm possession and acquisition license reflects a federal obligation that governs the right to possess a firearm. This license, valid for five years, is mandatory in order to buy firearms or ammunition.
As for the registration of non-restricted firearms, it falls under Québec’s jurisdiction to enact property and civil rights laws. Its main purpose is to know the number of firearms in Québec and to make this information available to police forces to support them in their mission of preventing and suppressing crime. The registration of firearms does not interfere with the right to possess or acquire a firearm.
UFAN is the “unique firearm number”. Any firearm registered in the Québec Firearms Registration File is assigned an UFAN. This is a permanent number assigned to the firearm, regardless of its owner. The UFAN uniquely identifies the firearm in the File. For example, it could be the firearm’s serial number, if this number is unique.
The UFAN must be inscribed indelibly and legibly on the firearm in a visible area of the frame or receiver, subject to a few exceptions set out in the Regulations respecting the application of the Firearms Registration Act. If it is not already inscribed, the owner of the firearm must do so within 90 days of its issuance. No stickers are provided by SIAF.
The UFAN is stated in the letter of confirmation of registration sent by mail following a registration application. If the online services are used, this information is in the electronic file.
The FARN is the “firearm registration number”. This is the number that confirms that the firearm has indeed been registered. It associates the firearm to its owner. This number does not change as long as the firearm and its owner remain the same. When transferring ownership, a new FARN is assigned for the same firearm to associate it to its new owner.
The FARN is stated in the letter of confirmation of registration sent by mail following a registration application. If the online services are used, this information is in the electronic file. It is important to keep this information safe as a person in possession of a firearm must be able to provide the FARN to a peace officer upon request.
Individuals cannot register their firearms by telephone. Applications for registration and notices of transfer of ownership must be mailed or submitted online.
However, if necessary, firearms companies can call the SIAF’s Client Service to request the registration of a firearm, notify a transfer of ownership, and even help a new acquirer apply for registration. This service is provided exclusively to businesses, mainly to help complete a sale.
If the firearm has several removable barrels, the information that must be provided on the registration application are the characteristics of the firearm with the shortest barrel installed.
Once you have registered your firearm, you will receive a letter in which the FARN and the UFAN are stated. No further documents shall be sent following this.
It is important to keep this information safe as you must be able to give the FARN to a peace officer upon request. With regard to the UFAN, it must be inscribed indelibly and legibly on the firearm in a visible area of the frame or receiver, subject to a few exceptions set out in the Regulations respecting the application of the Firearms Registration Act.
In most cases, the UFAN will be generated using the serial number of the firearm if the latter is unique. If so, no further action will be required from you. In other cases, you will be required to inscribe the UFAN on your firearm within 90 days of its issuance. No stickers are provided by SIAF.
It is not possible to email your registration application or transfer notice. Applications for registration and transfer notices can only be made online or mailed by post. These means of communication are privileged to ensure the protection of personal information.
The SIAF’s online services are designed to be used on most tablets and smartphones. However, some models may not support them or only support them partially. There is no mobile SIAF application.
Section 2 of the Regulations respecting the application of the Firearms Registration Act provides the information necessary to process an application for the registration of a firearm. This information includes, but is not limited to, the owner’s name and contact information, the brand, model, mechanism, type, calibre, barrel length, serial number (or any other number on it) and location where the firearm is stored. Failure to provide the information requested may result in delays in processing applications and may require the intervention of a customer service agent.
If a non-restricted firearm is present in Québec for a period of 45 days or less, it does not need to be registered if the firearm owner does not have a residence or business establishment in Québec. Beyond this period, subject to exceptions, a registration application must by submitted.
The owner of a registered firearm must, when transferring ownership of the firearm, complete and submit a Notice of Transfer of Property to SIAF, including the name and contact information of the new purchaser, even if the new purchaser does not have a residence or business establishment in Québec. If the firearm leaves Québec, the new purchaser is not obligated to apply for registration with SIAF.
Yes. Firearms can be registered in bulk if the non-restricted firearms inventory exists in electronic format. However, the information required for the registration must be complete and defined within the fields that match the information required to process an application for registration. The SIAF Client Service can be contacted for support.
The transactions monitoring table must contain the following information on each firearm owned or in the possession of the company: its date of entry and exit from the business, the name of the owner who entrusted it or from whom it was acquired, its brand, model, type and serial number, its UFAN and its FARN, if applicable. When there has been a transfer of ownership, the name and address of the new owner and, if applicable, the new registration number assigned to the firearm, must be indicated.
No specific form is required for this table. It may be produced as a hard copy or in electronic format, provided the above information is included. For companies that have enrolled in the Electronic Service Delivery (ESD), the transactions monitoring table can be produced instantly.
Yes. A business or organization that owns one or more non-restricted firearms may register its firearms under its name via the ESD for enterprises or by completing the version for enterprises of the form: Application to register one or more non-restricted firearms present in Québec.
In addition to the other information required by the Regulations, the company or organization applying for the registration of its firearms must provide the name of a representative and notify the SIAF within 30 days of any change of representative. Special obligations shall apply if the business or organization is trading in firearms or carries out other activities referred to in the definition of “firearms business” within the meaning of the Firearms Registration Act.