Registration, notice of transfer and changes
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Firearms covered by the Firearms Registration Act
The Act covers all non-restricted firearms.
These are commonly called shoulder arms, which are usually used for hunting, such as rifles or shotguns. They account for roughly 95% of the firearms found in the territory of Québec.
The following firearms are excluded:
- non-restricted firearms that are present in the territory for 45 days or less;
- non-restricted firearms that that are entrusted to a firearms business for the purpose of having them repaired, restored, maintained or altered if the firearm owner does not have a residence or business establishment in Québec.
The other types of firearms, i.e. prohibited firearms and restricted firearms, are not covered by the Firearms Registration Act. Moreover, such firearms are subject to the federal registration system.
Owners covered by the Firearms Registration Act
- The Act covers all owners of non-restricted firearms present in the territory of Québec, including the Aboriginal owners; and
- all firearms businesses, i.e. a person, partnership or other group of persons that engages in the manufacture, assembly, purchase, sale, rental, display, repair, restoration, maintenance, alteration, storage, pawnbroking or consignment sale of firearms in Québec.
Firearms excluded from the application of the act
The following firearms are exempted:
- Antique firearms, that is, firearms manufactured before 1898 that were not designed or re-designed to discharge rim-fire or centre-fire ammunition, or any firearm designated as such by federal regulation;
- any device designed exclusively for signalling, for notifying of distress, for firing blank cartridges or for firing stud cartridges, explosive-driven rivets or other industrial projectiles and intended by its owner to be used solely for such purposes;
- any shooting device designed exclusively for slaughtering domestic animals, tranquilizing animals, or discharging projectiles with lines attached to them and intended by its owner to be used solely for such purposes;
- any barreled weapon in respect of which it has been demonstrated that it is neither designed nor adapted to fire lead, bullets or any other projectile at an initial muzzle velocity of more than 152.4 meters per second or whose initial muzzle energy is more than 5.7 joules or any other projectile designed and adapted to reach an initial muzzle velocity of more than 152.4 meters per second or whose initial muzzle energy is more than 5.7 joules.
Owners excluded from the application of the act
The owners of firearms and the firearms covered by the Public Agents Firearms Regulations are exempted from the application of the Act since public agents have their own registration system.
The following are not covered:
- public service agencies, i.e. police forces, federal, provincial or municipal government departments or bodies, police academies or other public agencies that employ or have under their authority public agents;
- the firearms that are in the possession of a public services agency that the latter makes available to its public agents;
- the firearms that are in the possession of a public services agency that are not the firearms of the agency.
Information required prior to accessing our online services
1) Information required to describe the firearm:
- the brand;
- the model;
- the mechanism;
- the type;
- the calibre;
- the serial number;
- if the firearm does not have a serial number, any other number affixed to or placed on the firearm for the purpose of identifying it, e.g. the number of the self-adhesive label provided by the federal government at the time of the Canadian Firearms Registry and still affixed to the firearm;
- if the firearm has already been registered, its unique firearm number (UFAN);
- main place where the firearm is kept.
If the main place of storage of the firearm is not a civic address, global positioning coordinates and the nearest municipality may be used.
For more information, read General information concerning the application to register one or more non−restricted firearms present in Québec - Individuals (377 Ko).
Owners who have kept their registration certificates issued by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) under the former Canadian Firearms Registry program can refer to it to fill out most of the sections of the form pertaining to information on the firearm, provided that the information recorded is up to date.
They cannot request the registration of a firearm solely by submitting their old federal registration certificate.
2) Information required to establish the owner’s identity:
- contact information;
- date of birth.
3) Information required to validate the owner’s identity:
- the number of the possession and acquisition licence issued by the Chief Firearms Officer;
- or the registration number in the register of civil status;
- or a photocopy or a scanned copy of one of the following valid identity documents:
- a driver’s licence or learner’s licence from Québec, another Canadian province or a Canadian territory or an American state;
- a health insurance card with photo issued by a Canadian province;
- a Canadian or foreign passport;
- a Canadian citizenship card (issued between 2002 and 2012);
- a permanent resident card from Canada;
- a permanent resident card in the United States (green card);
- an immigration document issued by the Government of Canada (IMM 1442);
- official identity documents for military personnel, police officers or diplomats posted in Canada;
- a Certificate of Indian Status;
- an identity card issued by a Canadian province or territory.
Notice : If you use your firearm possession and acquisition licence to enable us to confirm your identity, please ensure that the information provided corresponds exactly to the information recorded on your licence (number, last name, first name, date of birth). In case of difficulty, you can use other means to establish your identity, such as the registration number in the register of civil status or valid identity papers. To obtain assistance, please contact customer service at 1-888-335-9997 or by email.
A confirmation of registration will be transmitted for each application submitted to the Service d’immatriculation des armes à feu du Québec.
The owner must verify that the information conforms to that provided and promptly inform the SIAF of any error.
For each firearm registered, the confirmation will contain a unique firearm number (UFAN) and a firearm registration number (FARN).
The UFAN, which must be affixed to the firearm, is linked to the firearm and will never change. The FARN, which does not have to be affixed to the firearm, is linked to the owner and will thus change if the owner of a given firearm changes.
For each firearm registered, the owner will receive a unique firearm number (UFAN) and will be responsible for ensuring that the number is indelibly, legibly affixed to the corresponding firearm within 90 days.
In most instances, the UFAN will be generated from the firearm’s serial number if the latter is unique. Therefore, if the UFAN is identical to the number already affixed to the firearms, e.g. the serial number, no additional action is required from the owner.
In other cases, the owner must affix the UFAN to his firearm.
The UFAN must be affixed in a visible location on the frame or the receiver or in a location that requires the dismantling of the latter in the case of a rare firearm of outstanding value if that is an established practice of the manufacturer or there is not visible location on the firearm that is suitable.
The owner must determine the best means of affixing the UFAN to his firearm insofar as the criteria respecting indelibility (cannot be erased) and legibility (is readable) are respected.
Engraving is not compulsory but represents one way to comply with the manner of affixing the UFAN.
Effective from January 29, 2019, all unrestricted firearms on Québec territory must be registered when acquired.
Furthermore, the owner of a firearm who settles in Québec has 45 days following the date of settlement to apply for registration.
It should be noted that these requirements do not apply to a firearm that is present in the territory of Québec for a period of 45 days or less or to a firearm that is entrusted to a firearms business for repair, restoration, maintenance or modification if the owner of the firearm has neither a residence nor an establishment in Québec.
The registration of a firearm is free for everyone.
Transfer of ownership
To carry out a transfer of ownership, make sure you have in hand
- the name, address, and telephone number of the current owner, i.e. the individual who is transferring the firearm (seller or assignor).
- the name, address, and telephone number of the new owner, i.e., the individual to whom the firearm is being transferred (purchaser or acquirer).
- their fax number and email address, where applicable.
- the UFAN of the firearm transferred.
- the FARN attributed to the current owner, i.e. the individual who is transferring his firearm (seller or assignor).
It should be noted that if the firearm has never been registered the notice of transfer of ownership is not required. The new owner must simply apply to register his firearm.
The notice of transfer of ownership of a firearm must contain the name and contact information of the person to whom the firearm has been transferred even if the latter does not maintain a residence or an establishment in Québec or it is anticipated that the firearm will leave Québec.
If the transfer of ownership is made to an individual (acquirer)
- You must be in the presence of the new owner to carry out the transfer using our online services. This will allow the new owner to apply for registration at the same time.
- If you cannot be in the presence of the individual (acquirer), you must use the form Notice of transfer of ownership of one or more non-restricted – Individuals (55 Ko). The new owner must apply for registration as soon as he takes possession of the firearm.
If the transfer of ownership is made to a business
- The notice of transfer can be filled out directly at the business.
- The current owner will receive confirmation after forwarding the notice of transfer of ownership.
- The new owner will receive confirmation after applying for registration of the firearm.
- The notice of transfer must be issued as soon as the owner of the registered firearm turns it over to the acquirer and it is no longer in the possession of the owner.
The notice of transfer of ownership of a firearm is free.
Updating owners' files
The owner of a registered firearm must notify the Service d’immatriculation des armes à feu of any change in the information provided at the time of registration.
If the main place of storage for the firearm is changed, the owner must notify the Québec Firearms Registration Service. This can be done for free either online or by phone.
The owner must notify the SIAF no later than 30 days after the modification of other information provided, e.g. telephone number or characteristics of the firearm, free of charge online or by telephone.
Enforcement of the FRA by peace officers
Anyone in possession of a non-restricted firearm (not only the owner) must agree to make the firearm available to a peace officer who so demands in order to verify the firearm’s compliance.
In addition, a peace officer may also ask for any information relevant to the identification of the firearm and its owner.
As of December 1, 2019, wildlife protection officers have the same authority as police officers to enforce all provisions of the Firearms Registration Act.
They also have the power to issue notices requiring the owner of a firearm that is not registered under the Firearms Registration Act to apply for registration. Any owner who refuses or neglects to apply for registration of the firearm and provide proof of it to a wildlife protection officer within 14 days of receiving the notice is guilty of an offence and is liable to the fines provided for in the Act.
Transfer of a firearm in an estate
The liquidator of the estate administers the deceased’s property, including firearms. The liquidator is responsible for transferring ownership of firearms or ensuring that that the new owner applies to register the firearm.
As such, the liquidator must submit the following documents by mail:
- Completed and signed Declaration of the Liquidator of the Succession (42 Ko)
- A photocopy of a valid death certificate or a copy of an act or attestation of death confirming the death of the owner of the firearm
- Completed and signed Notice of Transfer of Ownership of One or More Non-Restricted Firearms Registered in Québec (55 Ko)
To complete the Notice of Transfer, the liquidator must have:
- The unique firearm number, which should be permanently and legibly marked on the firearm in question
- The firearm registration number that was assigned to the firearm in question
If you do not have access to these identification numbers, SIAF will contact you once it has received the Declaration of the Liquidator, the proof of death, and the Notice of Transfer to get the missing information.
Special attention must be paid when filling out the various sections of the Notice of Transfer. Section 1 must contain the information about the deceased, and Section 3 must contain the information about the person to whom the firearm is being transferred:
- The transfer is to the person who currently holds the firearm (i.e., an heir) if the estate is still being settled.
- The transfer is to the person to whom the firearm was bequeathed, assigned, or sold if the estate has been settled.
In all cases, the new owner will be required to apply to have the firearm registered in their name upon taking possession of the firearm.
For more information, see the Transfer of Ownership section of the website.
It is possible that the deceased may never have registered their firearm(s).
In this case, the estate settlement procedure does not apply. However, you will need to ensure that the new owner, either an heir or the person to whom the firearm was bequeathed, assigned, or sold, applies for registration.
If the liquidator or the heir would rather dispose of the firearm, they must turn it over to a police station so it can be safely destroyed. If the firearm was registered, the liquidator will also be required to provide the Declaration of the Liquidator of the Succession (42 Ko) and proof of death to SIAF and notify SIAF once the firearm has been destroyed.
Transmission of applications
Firearm owners can submit their registration applications and notices of transfer of ownership:
Firearm owners can submit notices of changes to the information provided at the time of registration (telephone number, place where the firearm is kept, and so on):
- by contacting Service d’immatriculation des armes à feu call centre at:
- Québec City area: 418-780-2121
- Montréal area: 438-843-9997
- Elsewhere in Québec: 1-888-335-9997 (toll free)
Protection of person information
The information collected is used solely to process your application. Failure to provide such information can lead to a delay in processing your application or the rejection of it. Only authorized members of our personnel have access to the information. Personal information is only communicated to another organization when such disclosure is permitted by law or when you consent to it.